The smart city and the arrival of Helsinki as the capital of tourism now

The smart city and the arrival of Helsinki as the capital of tourism now

The smart city is an urban environment that gathers information using a combination of sensors and electronic methods. This data is then used to control municipal properties, personnel and services effectively. This method involves information gathered for the monitoring and management of vehicle traffic and transport systems from residents, devices and municipal resources; power plants, urban utilities, water networks, waste management; identification of crime; careful review and processing of information systems, schools, libraries, hospitals and other social services.

Information and communication technology (ICT) and various file devices linked to the Internet of Things (IoT) network are aimed at developing a smart city in order to optimise urban processes and provide optimum services and communication with people. Smart city technology, with the approval of a city, enables the public and urban infrastructure to directly repair electricity and to meet the needs of the city and its people.

Introduction to Helsinki Town

Helsinki was founded in 1550 and was chosen as the capital of this northern country after 250 years in 1812. It is situated on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, in the southernmost part of the world, and is 715 square kilometres (190 square miles of water area and 83 square miles of land area) and has a population of approximately 650,000.

The smart city and the arrival of Helsinki as the capital of tourism now

The smart city and the arrival of Helsinki as the capital of tourism now

The smart city and the arrival of Helsinki as the capital of tourism now

Helsinki is planning to launch a pilot project to lead the smart city, to take advantage of the work of collaborations with digital tools and companies to create a smart way to guide people in the city, the workshop of the Association of Other European Cities in the area of intelligence, and the annual meeting Is. And the World Tourism Federation’s World Trade Fair won the title of Capital of Tourism.
Participation in high-tech start-ups, companies centred in growth centres at universities and research institutes, IT and urban service providers and other stakeholders in city projects involves the development of an ecosystem. Just send.
This could entail a dedication to studying and model design that captures your views on collective intellect, the student, and all individuals in the group.

Pasilla, Mellonquilo, and Malmincartano-Conlemcay, construction projects will start to invite residents to participate.

A Smart City Government Has A Rather Bigger Role To Play

What is Responsive City?

We heard a lot about Smart City and its advantages, but the term of Responsive City sounds so new and strange. Are both Responsive and Smart City in the same meaning? What are the extra advantages of Responsive City? What are the basic requirements for reaching Responsive City?

In the last decade, some cities have peaked in smartness by their instruments and their management rules; However, their citizens don’t know about these changes, therefore they feel that their city has not been changed remarkably from their point of view. It seems like these advances in digitalisation of instruments briefed in enhancing the city operation, and are separated from the city dwellers. So it can be said that these technologies have been used in invisible part of the city, thus, citizens cannot recognise it practically. In shorthand, the benefits of Smart City is not engaged with citizens directly, that’s why they are unable to define it clearly or observe it apparently.

Another justification that why people haven’t been excited a lot, is that smart devices are boring! They are not as intelligent as a human kind, so after working with them, we feel that they are not so functional as they seem to. All of us probably feel this situation. As Kent Larson claimed, “I don’t believe in smart homes, that’s kind of a bogus concept.” The Artificial Intelligence, sensors and smart technologies still couldn’t make the best decision instead of human mind. Now, I prefer not to talk about the future of technology, but in the existing domain, can we use human aid for technology to have the best decision? This is the main question.

A Smart City Government Has A Rather Bigger Role To Play

History proves that cities have always been the centre of civilization. Be it social or economic, the innovation and the developments taking place in cities have always found its reverberations reaching other parts of the globe. Today, urbanisation is spreading around the world at a tremendous rate. More than half of the global population lives in cities and the number is still counting. A developed city like London has seen a population rise from 1 to 8.5 million in 140 years while even developing cities like Mumbai, Lagos, Sao Paulo, and Istanbul have seen a minimum 200,000 people flowing in each year in the recent decades. Lagos has witnessed a staggering 600,000 people moving in per year with a rate of 70 people per hour.

While meeting the demands of the advancing population, a city government has a major role to play. From providing employment opportunities, quality education to reducing traffic congestion, and lowering taxes and crime rates, a city government has a number of responsibilities to look after which can be accomplished through an expansive approach. For a city to create a better society, the local government needs to act vigorously to create and sustain a friendly environment to live, work and play. That is the key to developing a ‘smart city’ environment.

A smart city creates a digital, physical and social infrastructure with an integrative approach, while also maintains the quality of service understanding the needs of the citizens. In the process to achieve this goal, it eliminates the unnecessary exploitation of natural and man-made resources to make the entire city operation more efficient. Furthermore, it also enhances the access to services and makes the processes more transparent. Hence, to create such smart cities, city governments are better positioned, as they are flexible and have the opportunity to act quickly, targeting the individual communities and serving them immediately.

Coming to the gist of this article, today cities are extensively using technology for a variety of operations, revolutionising the urban life. Here are some key areas where city governments can engage more inclusively while ensuring that the approach is solution-driven and not tech-driven.

Potential Areas Of Improvement

Smart technology has the potential to make improvements and solve the concrete urban problems. Forbes Technology Council has come up with a list of areas that the smart cities need to focus on with their tech investments. Have a look at the list given below:

  • Transportation – Smart cities require to concentrate on people movement and enhance those efficiencies.
  • IoT Lighting Control System – Focus needs to be on smart lightings that reduce energy consumption, carbon emissions, and maintenance costs and provide a safe environment with smart sensing tech and real-time data.
  • Storm Drains – Water runoff is one of the key factors a city needs to focus on. Because it can directly impact local drinking water. Smart cities should attempt to deploy smart drainage systems and filtration that could substantially improve the living conditions.
  • Sustainable Energy – The rising demands and development in smart cities will lead to more consumption of energy. Hence, smart cities require to create sustainable sources of energy by using innovative ideas.
  • Universal High-Speed Internet – It can be seen that the major cities around the world have better internet speeds than the low-income areas. Governments can bridge this gap through law.
  • Affordability And Safety – Affordability and safety should be the key priorities for every city. Smart cities should focus on problems like homelessness that is today one of the key problems some of the U.S cities are suffering from.
  • Integration And Partnership With Tech Companies – Government leaders should collaborate with tech companies to receive the best recommendations and platforms that can facilitate cities to deploy technologies through the best possible approach.
  • Prioritising Areas Of Change – City governments should attempt to create the smart city environment considering the areas that need to be prioritised for integration and change as they move from the start to finish.
  • Data Security – Security is the most important aspect of smart cities. City governments need to ensure that the entire city data is secure and not vulnerable to breach.
  • Avoiding Silos – Government leaders should collaborate with tech companies that ensure prevention of silos.

Understanding The Power Of Smart City Data

Smart Solutions Adopted by City Government For Data Security Smart city data is the lifeblood of smart solutions and can do a lot more than we can possibly imagine. Data has the power to address the real needs of citizens. The intuitive design incorporated in data capturing systems, allows cities to understand the bigger picture of the city well and understand the city users needs more clearly while learning their behavioural patterns that are recurrent.

Let us take an example to understand the power of data. Smart city technology holds good for land use planning that is a vital function in every city. Land use planning can become much smarter as smart city technologies provide data that is accurate and in real-time. Data sets from planning departments, engineering and transportation could be combined into one single platform, which provides all the decision-makers with an equal access to the same data, significantly improving the land use planning. Uber has already set an example in this area. It recently launched a website called ‘Uber Movement’ that enables city leaders and urban planners to make informed decisions using the Uber’s data. An innovative way of using data for city planning.

Rotterdam, a major port city in the Netherlands has demonstrated another good example of leveraging smart city technology. The municipality of Rotterdam is working on creating a 3D model that will help the city imbibe the real smartness. When fully developed, the model will be utilised for simulation goals, urban planning and design, city management, analysis, and city marketing. Of course, the 3D model will gather the city data and provide a smart solution customised to specific requirements. It will be able to solve questions like ‘how does the sound travel through the city of Rotterdam, ‘how far do the roots of trees reach’, ‘to what depth are underground containers positioned’, and much more. Using a simulation, potential implications for new construction plans will be easy to conceive. Going forward, the city of Rotterdam has future plans to upgrade the model and make it available for use by 2020. The advanced version will be able to provide information like real-time data on traffic, present water levels, and the filling capacity of garbage bins.

Currently, the 3D model is able to provide insights into planned projects and the consequences of the projects, helping the city government to make more comprehensive city planning choosing the better options.

The 3D model being developed by Rotterdam is a state-of-the-art technology that shows how the city data and the innovative ways of using and implementing its results can lead to far-reaching improvements.

Refrence : www.smartcity.press

Is The Future On Smart City Roads Safe With Connected Cars?

According to Gartner predictions, the number of connected vehicles on the road will reach a quarter billion by 2020. This will make a roadway for new in-vehicle services and automated driving capabilities. The next five years will witness a dramatic rise in the number of vehicles that will be equipped with automated capabilities. Out of this number, roughly 60-75% will be able to consume, create and share web-based data, ultimately showing the world the biggest and the smartest element of the Internet of Things – the connected vehicles.

But how is all this going to happen? Do you know that connected cars can do a lot more than just drive you safely to your destination? Connected cars are nothing but robots on wheels ready to communicate and listen to your commands. There is much more to know about these sophisticated smart vehicles. So before you own a connected car in future, it is important that you know all about its ins and outs so that you are as smart as your vehicle.

The Capabilities Of A Connected Car

Connected cars are tens or even hundreds of computers integrated into a single unit. We know that these sophisticated cars can talk to other cars, exchange data and alert drivers to potential collisions. But even more, they can talk and connect to every single sensor that is embedded along the route. These sensors could be the ones that are installed at bus stops, signboards, traffic signal and those which relay real-time traffic updates and rerouting alerts. Additionally, they can even talk to your home, office and all the smart devices that you own, serving as a digital assistant that collects information you require throughout the day.

However, to perform all the functions, connected vehicles need the cloud. Because they need massive amounts of data that can be gathered through the cloud. The modern automobiles are already enabled with speedy processing power. As about 100 million lines of software code are required to run a typical luxury vehicle. In case of connected cars the amount of data flowing to and fro from them will move at rocket speed and so they will demand cloud storage capabilities and scalability.

With the Cloud’s ability for building and developing apps and programs that are used by cars, it reveals that connected cars will be able to access your apps, devices, and preferences allowing the car to tailor your driving experience. For example, your car can check the current weather, your to-do-list from the calendar to enable you to plan your route for the day. If you are behind the schedule, it may reroute your way eliminating the traffic-prone areas.

The use of connected cars on roads will help smart cities to reduce traffic congestion and enhance safety. While driving connected cars will automatically transmit data including speed, position, and direction and send alerts to other cars if a crash is close at hand.

This vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication is already in its inception in the US Department of transportation that plans to enable V2V communication. In the meantime, smart cities are exploring ways to make the connected cars the centre of energy efficient traffic management systems.

Smart cities have begun to see what connected cars could bring to the future. The automobile industry is witnessing a revolutionary change of which the Cloud is one of the key technological forces driving the revolution.

Connected Cars Can Lie, Disrupting The Entire Traffic Management System

How Connected Cars Can Disrupt Traffic Management System?The Michigan Traffic Laboratory at the University of Michigan and the RobustNet Research Group are working on ensuring that the connected cars of tomorrow are secure and protected from vulnerabilities. Until now their research has shown that connected cars are comparatively easy to trick. A single car that is transmitting false data could lead to massive traffic jams and several cars crash shutting down the entire traffic system. The major concern is that, during the research, it was found that the weakness is not in the inherent communication technology but in the algorithms used to manage the traffic flow.

Algorithms are used to feed in a variety of inputs such as how many vehicles are present in a particular location around an intersection which helps in reducing the collective delay at traffic junctions.

One of the traffic control algorithm nicknamed ‘I-SIG’ assumes the inputs it receives are honest which is not a safe assumption. The hardware and software in the connected cars can be altered by the car’s diagnostic ports or the wireless system. For example, if an attacker wants to compromise the I-SIG system he could do it simply by hacking his own car. He could drive to a target intersection and park nearby.

The research shows that when the attacker parks the car he could tap into two weaknesses in the algorithm that controls the traffic lights. He could extend the time of the green and red lights in a particular lane.

In the first vulnerability, the research found that the attacker could make the car to transmit false data that her car will be joining the line of traffic late. With this, the algorithm will extend the green light for that car (that is not passing) and correspondingly extend the red light for other lanes making the cars to wait longer than needed.

Secondly, the I-SIG algorithm is developed with the fact that all cars are unable to communicate. Hence, the second weakness lies in the fact that the algorithm assumes the real-time location and speed of non-communicating vehicles by analysing the driving patterns of the connected vehicles. So, if a connected car reports that it is waiting a long distance back from an intersection, the algorithm will infer there is a long line of non-communicating cars ahead of it. Ultimately it will adjust the traffic lights according to the false data it has gathered.

Impact Of The False Data And Algorithmic Assumptions

The weaknesses highlighted by the research could be used by people who just want to commute faster. It could be used by criminals who might seek to adjust the traffic lights to ease their way from the crime scene or an approaching police vehicle.

This could also result in financial or political threats where a group of attackers shut down the key intersections in a city and force a ransom payment.

Therefore to prevent such dangerous situations transportation sector and the cybersecurity field need to collaborate to ensure that efforts are made to protect the safety and the security of the traffic management system including the connected cars.

According to the research, algorithms like the I-SIG system should validate the data they receive from the connected cars prior to using it. For this, road sensors could be used across the smart cities to actually double-check the truthfulness of the data.

The initial phase of this research on the security issues in the smart transportation of the future aims at finding out more about the weaknesses and the ways to protect the entire traffic management systems of which road infrastructure, drivers, and cars are the crucial elements.

The connected cars pave the way to a host of opportunities for new products and services and enhanced business efficiency. But before proceeding, organisations and individuals need to consider the privacy and security risks that are involved.

We are positive that new security standards and safety practices will emerge in the automobiles industry in the years to come. But that may take years to come alive before they find their way into connected vehicles.

Refrence : www.smartcity.press

A Clean Environment For Smart Cities To Breathe

Pollution is one of the severe challenges faced by smart cities. And as already predicted that the population in smart cities will grow exponentially, the fight with pollution will rather become more intense in the coming years.

Currently, more than 50% of the global population is residing in less than 2% of the earth’s surface area. This has lead to the increasing traffic, industry and energy needs in the urban space that already accounts for about 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Literally speaking, cities are breathing stuffy air. The report published by WHO in May 2018 reveals that 90% of the world’s population breathes air containing pollutants that are much higher than the recommended limit. Furthermore, it also reveals that the effects of air pollution lead to seven million deaths each year. However, WHO is positive that cities are capable of improving their air quality through local measures. This can be implemented in the form of smart infrastructure or rather simple solutions like changing traffic regulations in the highly polluted areas of the city. Or, providing incentives for cyclists or pedestrians. But to implement these measures cities require information on how pollutant levels change over time in specific locations. For the same, the German tech giant, Siemens has come up with a potential solution for smart cities. What is it? Let us find it out from the discussion given below.

Intelligent Software To Bring A Breath Of Fresh Air

Siemens has developed an intelligent software that is capable of accurately predicting the degree of air pollution in smart cities by tapping into the abilities of artificial neural networks. The software can give information on air quality several days in advance, allowing cities and their citizens to take measures to improve the quality of life. According to Siemens, this is the “smartest tool available for cities to improve their air quality.”

Dr. Ralph Grothmann from Siemens Corporate Technology (CT) developed the air pollution forecasting model that is based on neural networks. Neural networks are computer models that work like a human brain. Grotham says that these networks learn to make predictions and recognize relationships by undergoing training. His model relies on deep neural networks that use more layers of artificial neurons as opposed to models built in the past. Neural networks is a proven technology at Siemens for many years. For instance, the network has been used to predict levels of raw materials prices, economic activity and also the electricity generated from renewable energies.

Pilot Project In London

While developing the forecasting tool, Grotham relied on the emissions and weather data collected by 150 sensor stations in the city of London. This data helped in training the system. Emission measurements were gathered for gases including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides. The development of these emissions was then integrated with the weather data for the same period of time. During the course, factors such as humidity, solar radiation, cloud cover, and temperature were considered. Specific events such as weekends, work days, sports events, trade shows etc. were also programmed into the model as these have the impact on traffic and pollution in different ways.

Depending on the final data and the seasonal and real-time weather forecasts, the neural network had to learn to predict the degree of air pollution. The training process involved hundreds of iterations and the forecasting system began to make better predictions with more accuracy. Now the system is able to predict the level of air quality across 150 places in London with an accuracy rate of more than 90%.

In case the system predicts a high level of air pollution in a particular location in the city, the government can take temporary measures like blocking heavy-duty vehicles from entering the area for certain hours or giving a free ride to citizens to use local public transportation. Additionally, it also allows health conscious people to avoid certain areas that are highly stuffy to breathe.

Siemens – Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City Project

Singapore Smart City Project Siemens has named its cloud-based intelligent software as ‘City Air Management (CyAM).’ At World Summit in Singapore, the company announced that CyAM collects data on air pollution from the sensors installed across the city and displays the predictions on a dashboard. These forecasts are made up to five days in advance.

Siemens revealed that this software can help smart cities to take measures for reducing nitrogen oxides and atmospheric particulate matter. The system can recommend up to 17 measures which can be acted upon by the city at short notice.

Siemens has collaborated with Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City (SSGKC) to deploy CyAM in the Guangzhou Development District in China. CyAM will be deployed in the Green City Digital Platform which is a new urban hub (smart city project) in the SSGKC.

Going further, Siemens will also set up a Green City Digital Exhibition Center in a business park situated within SSGKC. This initiative will provide real-time air quality monitoring, assessment, recommendations on technology measures and impact prediction. The center will be developed in an area approximating to 250 sq.m and is prepared to be ready by the first quarter of 2019.

Smart Cities Focusing On Improving Air Quality

Zurich

Citizens in Zurich are happy with the smart city initiatives implemented by the city. Thanks to the large investments made in smart tech that focuses on improving the quality of life of its citizens. One of its successful projects is ‘OpenSense’ that uses ultrafine particle maps created with measurements from its mobile air pollution monitoring network to develop the iOS and Android applications – The Health-Optimal Route Planner. The app provides the citizens with a health-optimal routing service.

Qatar

Air quality in Qatar has become a priority due to increasing population and heavy car use. The Qatar Foundation (QF) is committed to taking measures in enhancing the environment of the city. QF has selected Hawa’ak Environment Monitoring System which provides a detailed and comprehensive recording of potentially harmful gases in the environment.

Downtown Oklahoma City

The air pollution sensors in the city capture data on ozone and particulate matter which can be hazardous for health. The sensor stations record weather conditions, wind speed and direction, temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. Additionally, the city is carrying out educational programmes related to air quality and environment to bring awareness to children and families.

Chicago

Chicago has rolled out a major initiative to test the limits of big data and urban sensor networks with their Array of Things project. The sensors in the city will provide data on air quality including measurements on carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide levels. It also has plans to record pollutants such as volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and ozone in coming years.

Boston

The city has deployed ‘Elm’ the network of air monitoring sensors that is fully integrated with a real-time view of air quality in local communities. These devices are placed in areas where citizens can get the most out of it.

Barcelona

CITI-SENSE team in the city have developed an application called ‘CityAir’ that shows different degrees of air pollution with the help of colour codes. The app creates an air quality map that is generated by the citizens. With this app, people can rate the air quality by giving a definite colour code. For example, green can be given if air quality is very good, yellow if air quality is good, orange if air quality is poor and red if air quality is very poor. Other citizens using the app can see the air quality in a particular zone, comment in real-time and avoid that area – especially if they are extremely sensitive to air pollution.

Air quality defines the health and quality of life in smart cities. The initiatives implemented by smart cities around the world are commendable as they pave the way to a more sustainable and livable tomorrow. Thanks to industrial giants like Siemens that come up with great solutions to combat the challenges.

Refrence : www.smartcity.press

Making smart cities cyber-secure

A smart city must also be a safe city, with a good disaster response system. V Rishi Kumar reports With the implementation of the Smart Cities Mission moving forward in a phased manner and technology forming the backbone of smart cities’ architecture and governance, one of the major challenges identified for the future is cyber security.

“There cannot be a smart city before it being a safe city, with a good disaster-response system,” says Claudio Simao, Chief Technology Officer, Hexagon AG, a Sweden-based leading solutions provider for smart cities. His observation sums up the importance of making the upcoming 100 Smart Cities under the National Mission secure physically and in the cyber world.

Threatening landscape?

In fact, integrated technologies assist in efficient delivery of services and there is optimism about their constructive impact on our cities.

However, the more technology you use, the higher the threat of it being compromised. Cyber attacks, which earlier targeted data centres, are now directed towards numerous systems and devices spread across a smart city. A single intrusion may leave the entire smart city network compromised.

Hence, connected IoT (internet of things) devices need to be protected, including software, hardware and data. Smart cities would need to be geared towards insulating huge networks that are bound to become the nerves of the city.

Says NSN Murty, PWC Partner, Smart Cities, “Technology forms the core of the Smart Cities Mission. If that is progressing well, we are on the right track. Sensitising our cities on how to use technology for effective governance is the first step to achieve the end goal.”

In a report brought out by PWC, in association with Data Security Council of India, Rama Vedashree, CEO of DSCI, notes, “While the Smart City initiative focusses on sustainable development of our cities and harnessing digital technologies for an integrated citizen-services delivery, it demands a strong focus on cyber security.”

“Globally, countries have deployed technologies and controls to avoid loss of data, network lock-down and stalling of critical services that can otherwise cripple a city’s functioning. We also need to take appropriate measures to create cyber-secure smart cities……” she adds.

The Indian Smart City technology architecture is based on four logical layers of sensors, communication, data and application layers. The technology across these four layers works in an integrated manner to deliver smart city services.

However, the ground analysis of a few smart cities suggests that the technology powering them is prone to vulnerabilities, which can lead to potential social, health, economic and reputational risks.

The potential for challenges, lack of granular guidelines and regulations and India-specific issues add to the complexity of the risk landscape for Indian smart cities.

Enhanced budget

The significance of the Smart Cities Mission can be judged from the fact that its allocation was doubled during Budget 2018-19 to Rs.2.04 lakh crore.

“All hundred cities have been declared and now we are beginning to see physical manifestation of the city strategy proposals on the ground. Cities took some time to adapt and understand the novel design of the mission given its governance structure, funding mechanisms and convergence with other urban missions,” Murty says.

However, while smart cities promise an improved quality of life for which they intend to utilise technology, the threat vulnerability of its use must be factored in. This has been recognised globally since there are examples of cities being brought to a halt because technology and data systems were compromised.

The Smart Cities Mission in India could also face such challenges throughout the mission process. The fact that there is no universally accepted definition of a ‘smart city’ is possibly what allows such cities around the world to set their own agenda while laying down the guidelines for their initiatives.

Smart cities, therefore, have the freedom to develop their own strategies based on local factors like demographics, geography, economy, and heritage, among others. This makes sense because what works in one city may not work for another — so what is perfect for Barcelona may not be effective in Varanasi.

Mission’s progress so far

Going back to how India has progressed so far in the implementation of smart cities, Murty feels we need to be conscious of the fact that the last nine out of 100 smart cities were declared in January 2018.

It is unrealistic to expect all smart cities to be at the same level.

“Cities like Bhopal, Nagpur, Surat, Vadodara, Pune have done extremely well in executing their projects.

The cities declared in later rounds need to leverage knowledge and learnings from these cities to hit the ground running.

Eighty-seven out of 100 cities have appointed project management consultants, so we can expect them to roll out projects very soon,” he says.

Pratap Padode, Founder Director, Smart Cities Council of India, points out that the Mission has completed three years and is work in progress. Currently, works worth Rs.8,000 crore have been completed and 1,200 projects costing Rs.50,000 crore tendered. Also, 98 projects worth Rs.6,000 crore are under implementation under public-private partnership mode. Credit rating has been completed for 412 cities, of which 155 cities have proven to be investment grade.

Currently, Padode says “Eleven Integrated Control and Command Centres are installed at Ahmedabad, Kakinada, Visakhapatnam, Nagpur and Pune, among others. Twenty-one cities have called for tenders for ICCC. CCTV installations are helping cities get cleaner due to monitoring and technology is being deployed in road construction, property tax management, water management and waste management.”

The last, he feels, is a big challenge, which is being sought to be addressed by ‘waste to energy’ plant proposals.

One pole, many uses

Sridhar Gadhi, CEO of Quantela Inc, a technology solutions provider who offers artificial intelligence-based solutions for over 40 cities globally, gives an example of smart infrastructure — a smart pole that combines the benefits of LED lighting, Wi-Fi connection, surveillance cameras and mobile connectivity.

He too flags the security aspects over all else. “It is the right time now to work on security aspects as protection of digital assets will become central to upcoming cities,” he emphasises.

And that is what is happening. From merely developing smart cities, the focus is shifting to cyber-secure cities with a robust framework.

Source:The Hindu

How a simulation could help you build a smart city

Build a smart city

The responsibility of being a smart city leader means facing a variety of challenges, developing visions, strategies and goals, making tough decisions and weighing trade-offs – all while keeping in mind that your overriding responsibility is to take the steps needed to improve your citizens’ quality of life. That’s an all too brief description of what Smart Cities Week attendees who participated in Council Global Lead Partner EY’s Future Cities simulation program experienced. The story below outlines the event in more detail and highlights some of what the participants learned in what could be called an “immersive smart city experience.” ­­– Doug Peeples

 

The simulation, based on a case study for the fictional city of Futopolis, focuses on the drivers that can impact citizens’ quality of life, the challenges inherent in smart city transformations, solution options and the inevitable long-term versus short-term tradeoffs.

The workshop participants gathered in competitive teams  around tables equipped with written background information and the Future Cities simulation and instructions on a monitor. They were given metrics to judge their ability to improve their citizens’ lives in six areas: affordability, agility, amenity, safety, spaces (such as availability of public parks, other open spaces) and opportunity (social, cultural, economic).

The participants were counseled to be open-minded, to collaborate and to embrace diversity. As the teams discussed their strategies among themselves it became clear that several different approaches were underway. Some teams moved through the initial strategy and vision discussions quickly while others were more deliberate, debating the suitability of individual words and their impact on the clarity of their message. A typical exchange went like this:
“No, we shouldn’t say that. It’s too broad.”
“Yeah, we need to be more specific. But we need to be accommodating, too.”
“Should we say smart housing or something else?”

Consensus isn’t easy


In other words, participants were getting a crash course in dealing with the diverse experiences, knowledge and opinions of their teammates and trying to come to a consensus. And negotiating to achieve that consensus came into play during the discussions often:
“I keep pitching education programs and everyone else wants to go with data,” one participant said as her team was addressing where the city should be investing its limited budgets. Another replied “I’ll go for funding education because if our schools suck what good are they? We’ve gotta have connectivity and we’ve gotta have good schools.”

The teams generally focused on three top hot button smart city topics: mobility (congestion solutions), data (optimizing and leveraging) and housing (availability). The simulation gave them six broad areas to invest in: environment, public services, infrastructure, security, health and economy and the previous mayor’s budget allocations for each. Negotiations and compromise were key to achieving consensus (or close to it) as they addressed allocations, trade-offs and longer-range planning.

For small business owner Andre Bryan, the simulation program was surprisingly realistic. “I like the interactivity and getting input, the coming to consensus.” As an example he referred to a discussion he had with one of his teammates, Tyrone Riley, a Toledo, Ohio city councilman who was lobbying his team to support infrastructure maintenance program investments. “I learned something in this because he was right,” Bryan said. “I hadn’t thought maintenance was that important until he proved me wrong.” For Riley, the simulation was enjoyable, informative and helpful –- even though it did remind him of the city council meetings and processes he was already so familiar with.

One of simulation facilitators, Meghan Mills, global strategy and operations leader for EY’s Government and Public Sector, readily acknowledged that one result of the simulation was a heightened appreciation for collaboration among people who have been through it. “Cities so often operate in silos,” she said. “I think what people realize after going through this is ‘I need to go back and talk to the team down the hall.'”

Refrence : na.smartcitiescouncil.com

How Smart Cities Of Australia Are Employing Their Best Efforts For A Better Future?

Since the inception of the smart city concept, Australia has employed commendable technology rollouts to provide high-quality life and standard jobs to citizens. The government has invested in many studies and researches that have supported Australian cities to move towards embracing a truly smart future. Additionally, it has also been organising international conferences and awards (like many other countries) that not just felicitate and encourage the smart city innovators, industries, government bodies, and policymakers but also make the smart city concept more visible to the citizens.

One such event is happening in Australia in October 2018. The country is all set to welcome its maiden ‘Australian Smart Cities Awards’ that have shortlisted 5 smart cities for its most anticipated top prize for the category ‘Leadership City’. With this, the Australians will be more familiar with how a ‘leadership city’ looks like. So let’s get to know about these 5 finalists along with their smart city rollouts.

1. Brisbane

The Council of Brisbane has been constantly shaping Brisbane into a smart city with a variety of initiatives. It has invested $5 million to launch innovation hub and a startup. The city was the first one to apply a large-scale Bluetooth monitoring system in Australia. The Council has opened 130 datasets free of charge to promote third parties to develop websites, apps, and tools that can benefit the residents and businesses in Brisbane. The city has empowered the local sports clubs and parklands with smart watering systems. These systems are digitally connected to the weather stations to monitor and report water flow, usage trends, and environmental data. This data further assist clubs to manage their water usage and enhance the playing grounds.

The food truck industry in the city has witnessed tremendous growth after the launch of mobile diners website by the city. The website that received an average of 4700 views each week in July 2017, features an interactive map helping people to locate their favourite gourmet food truck in the city, menu details, and operating hours. For food truck vendors the website acts as a platform that helps promote events that pave way for business opportunities across the city.

With high-speed free WiFi service made available in public places, major shopping malls, and libraries, Brisbane has become a truly connected smart city. Going further, the city will be expanding the WiFi service with rollouts between 2017 and 2018.

2. Adelaide

The Ten Gigabit project of Adelaide has commenced – enabling citizens to live with better amenities and high standard livability both at home and workplace. The network rollout has begun and will continue to do so in 1,000 selected buildings within a span of two years. The city is testing with ‘Smart Bins’ in specific areas of to keep cleaner and more appealing. The project uses the ‘Clean Cube’ bins that operate with innovative cloud-based technology to optimise waste collection. Each bin is equipped with solar-powered sensors that provide real-time data on the filling capacity of the bins and the time to get them emptied. The bins also comprise a compactor that condenses the waste and enables a 120-litre bin to accommodate up to 960 litres of waste.

After a successful trial of smart LED street lights, the city is expanding its rollouts in other areas of the city. In the first quarter of 2018, the city installed roughly 2,800 sensors in on-street parking spaces and communication relays on some electricity poles.

3. City of Ipswich

IoT Network In City Of IpswichThe City of Ipswich is deploying IoT and smart infrastructure network through the city. Leveraging Australian technology rollouts, the city has built a 100 square kilometre IoT network that sustains remote asset management, video analytics, sensor-based data gathering, security, and safety. Recently, it collaborated with EasyMile and Transdev to feature a public demonstration of a smart driverless shuttle ‘EZ10’. It has also made its 60 datasets open for access which includes information on the location of traffic signals with its aerial photography.

The city has initiated a Remote Piloted System (RPS) that helps in protecting its natural bushland and wildlife sites that span in an area beyond 1200 square kilometres. Using remote technology the city is surveying the naturally conserved region for planning developments in key operational areas which include disaster management, asset management, landfill and quarry management, marketing and tourism, vegetation and pest management, and compliance management.

4. Sunshine Coast

The Council of Sunshine Coast has an array of technology rollouts to make the city more livable. The city has been recognised as the Smart 21 City for 2017 by the worldwide Intelligent Community Forum. To begin with, it has installed the first automatic waste collection in Australia. The people of the city are enjoying a free public WiFi service since March 2016 which is on the way to expand.

The city has opened a Smart Center and Living Lab for the public to see the testing of new and innovative technologies such as parking space availability sensors, waste bin sensors, dimmable LED lights, digital flow metres, and a lot more to learn about the Smart City Framework of the region.

The city has also created Sunshine Coast Council app that is publicly available for use on Android and Apple. The app provides information on the available parking space in real-time. A 3D modelling system with high-ranking accuracy is being used to build the award-winning Disaster Hub and implement organisational mobility programs. Many more technology rollouts are underway in the city.

5. City of Canterbury Bankstown

The City of Canterbury Bankstown collaborated with CSIRO and the Southern Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils to create the ‘Our Energy Future’ program for tenants and investors. The free energy advice service is created to help residents cut-down on their energy bills while they getting quotes from reputable suppliers. All this was done while overcoming some critical challenges like language barriers, local council amalgamation, and socio-economics.

There are a number of other smart city projects that are being explored by the council. The city is aiming at installing electric vehicle charging points in selected areas. It is also working on a data visualisation platform that can help the Council keep track of energy and water performance. Furthermore, the city is planning to trial GPS and camera systems in waste trucks which will enable the drivers to report issues related to bins, street conditions etc. and also relay details of where and when the bins are picked and streets are swept.

To present the Australian Smart City Awards, Telstra and Deloitte have joined hands with the Smart Cities Council Australia New Zealand. The tech company Telstra is currently moving ahead to implement the first-ever free public 5G-enabled WiFi hotspots in the Gold Coast suburb of Southport. The company built a testing centre in November last year to trial the technology in conjunction with the 2018 Commonwealth Games.

After the successful testing phase that will give citizens an opportunity to enjoy free broadband, the company will open its 5G service in 2019. Owing to the fact that, there are no 5G compatible smartphones or tablets in use, the company connected the 5G infrastructure in Southport to a standard WiFi access point to allow the public to use the service with their mobile devices. With the 5G set to opening doors for miscellaneous opportunities for everyone, it sure to become one the most anticipated technology rollouts not just in Australia, but in the entire world.

 

Refrence : www.smartcity.press

The Growing Importance Of Data In Smart Cities

In the recent years, data has actually become the life-giving force of the developing innovations in smart cities around the world. Over the last 20 years, it has had a phenomenal impact on different industries including transport, retail, and utility. A lot of cities are taking data benefits to gain a better insight into city operations. A number of them have opened their data to promote transparency and to encourage innovators to create new services leveraging the data. Using data benefits, many brands in smart cities are now looking to implement digital innovations that can facilitate both the employees as well as customers.

The advanced cities are now going a step ahead by widening the scope of data. They are coming up with groundbreaking initiatives that are not just confined to their own cities but endeavouring to share benefits beyond the boundaries. Let us read on to know which influential brands in these smart cities are taking this step.

ATIS – Ignite Initiative

Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) and an enterprise software company, Ignite have joined hands to initiate a new project that will enable cities to share their data with each other.
Both the organisations are creating a data-exchange platform that will incorporate data formats, data-sharing framework, protocols, security and privacy requirements, and general APIs.

According to ATIS and Ignite, data-sharing is critical for the further development of smart city services. They envision accommodating the urban thought leaders and industries on a single platform that will help them create a blueprint for the secure and interoperable exchange of data that benefits beyond the boundaries. Their initiative also aims at aiding cities to come forward and participate in ‘data marketplaces’ which even engages the private sector that can foster innovative business models for owning, exchanging, and monetizing data if desired.

Smart cities are utilising a variety of data management platforms to study and apply data from smart city applications to fulfil their individual local requirements. Going further, if cities want to benefit from the innovative smart applications of the future using real-time data, they need to collect and share the data in an interoperable and secure manner. The sharing can be done starting from trusted partners, innovators, citizens to federal/state government bodies, adjacent communities and other cities.

ATIS and Ignite further reveal that their aim is to give cities the necessary tool for success that will help them get prepared for the next generation smart city services (applications). This has become even more crucial when cities are now beginning to recognise the power of working together and exchanging data to fulfil the requirements of mega-applications that work across regions satisfying sustainability and resiliency demands.

Many innovators, entrepreneurs, and government agencies have identified the data benefits. According to the study conducted by Transport for London (TfL) and Deloitte, open data is opening doors to commercial opportunities for third-party developers. TfL has made over 80 data feeds available for developers by free unifies API. The data feeds have already been accessed by more than 13,000 developers and over 600 applications are specifically powered using TfL’s open data feeds.

Global Brands Willing To Share Their Data

Sharing Data Enhances Urban MobilityGenerally, brands are hesitant towards making their data transparent. But, Ford Motor Company, Uber and Lyft have begun to change this. All three brands have accepted to share their data through a recently launched data platform called ‘SharedStreets’. SharedStreets is a universal data language that opens up on information related to city streets. It is also a launching pad for public-private partnerships focusing on maintaining streets, decreasing traffic deaths, and preparing cities for the unprecedented digital advancement coming forth in the urban environment.

This initiative is a result of a public-private partnership which includes the role of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), Bloomberg Philanthropies, and the Open Transport Partnership.

The primary goal of the initiative is to enable the private sector to work with smart cities around the globe efficiently and take data benefits to enhance the urban mobility. Furthermore, Ford, Uber, and Lyft have committed to share their data with SharedStreets to provide the cities and the mobility companies with new tools to manage traffic, congestions, mitigate carbon emissions and reduce accidents. All in all, the focus is on digging a path to the digital revolution that rests on the pillars of sustainability and inclusive mobility.

SharedStreets has announced that it will work with Ford Motors to create a universal data standard that can be applied to determine real-time kerb space demand and availability. Its collaboration with Uber will concentrate on a global dataset of driving speeds to gain a better insight into where and in what situation drivers are speeding. Lyft, on the other hand, will join hands with Uber and SharedStreets to deliver a universal framework for sharing kerbside boarding/alighting counts.

Data Can Break The Barriers Of Complexities For Passengers

The National Rail Enquiries processes more than 600,000 journey plans every hour and approximately a third of millennials use on-demand transport apps such as Uber. This shows that people are increasingly turning to digital services to manage their travel requirements.

Commuting from home to office and office to home has never been easy in the past, especially considering the public transport facilities. But as the digital services are augmenting, and cities are becoming smarter, the transport sector has had its share of innovation. Today, passengers are able to watch their favourite TV shows on the train and even use apps or finish their office work while travelling. As per the statistics from Ofcom, 76% of adults regularly send and receive email while travelling. And, about 69% of them do online shopping while 64% of use online banking apps.

Transport sectors are now able to create comfortable environments mimicking a living room or a work desk while increasing the opportunities for service providers. Really, the digital transformation is helping the transport sector break the barriers of complexities of travelling experience.

Let us take another clear example to see how digital transformation backed by data can help passengers. In a travel hub like Heathrow in London, there is a lack of clear single ownership of customer experience. Everyone including the operator, airline, retail stores, and beverage brands seek to attract customers. As the owner of the entire platform, Heathrow has the opportunity to utilise location technology like GPS and beacons and connection technology like Bluetooth and WiFi to create digital tools that can create for passengers a supportive and pleasant experience at the airport.

For example, passengers could be provided with airport maps and flight departure receive. Retailers could offer toll-free shopping while passengers could track their luggage once it has reached the centre of the airport. Restaurants and cafes could take food orders from hungry customers while they are stuck in the security after a long journey.

These are just a glimpse of ideas to show how data can make the life for citizens easier than ever. There are ample opportunities for private and public sectors to take the data benefits innovatively and makes life in cities more appealing and safe while having a clear-cut option to even increase the revenue.

Refrence : www.smartcity.press

Smart Cities Can Do Away With Traffic Jams – Intelligently

You are less than 10 minutes away from your destination and you are stuck in a gridlock from past 15 minutes. Your car is moving ahead inch by inch and you have no way but just wait. That is the height of annoyance you experience in a traffic jam. This is the brutal reality every commuter faces in every city around the world – doesn’t matter whether you are from America or Europe, Asia or Africa.

The ordeal is not just annoying but costly too – on our pockets and our health. In fact, even the economy of the city has to lose millions of dollars on the nuisance created by traffic jams. As the problem is increasing it seems that some of us have learnt to cope with it. But there are some people who are finding out simple yet intelligent solutions to traffic jams. Which one day may drive this reality to become a thing of the past. So, let’s check out the new ways to drive the roads more safely and effectively.

A Low-Cost Solution From A Graduate

After graduating in Economics from the University of Cambridge (in 2017), a self-made entrepreneur, Richard Cartwright decided to do something independently. He participated in a business plan competition conducted by the Singapore Management University and won $2500 for a proposal that was based on the idea of managing traffic by tapping into the data extracted from CCTV cameras.

The entrepreneur is actively engaged in developing a low-cost solution of using data to manage traffic easily. Recently, Cartwright co-founded a startup called ‘FlowX’ that was selected for the Geovation accelerator programme. The programme was organised by Ordnance Survey (OS) that supports startups working with geolocation data. His business was granted a £10,000  and office space in London.

Cartwright began with visiting the traffic control centres in the major cities of UK. Surprisingly, he found out that traffic data was limited, seldom automated and not suitable for the data age. He also found that despite cameras installed at most major intersections, spotting of accidents could be difficult. The control room has so many screens to monitor, that missing an accident could be easy – though traffic managers respond to incidents as quickly as possible.

Cartwright believes that creating an intelligent, analytical system to extract data from CCTV cameras can potentially address the challenges faced in freeing up the roads. Computers can help in identifying and counting the vehicles on the road and learn the flow of the traffic on a particular road. Going forward with machine learning, the system could learn to spot any incident and alert the control room instantly.

Because Cartwright could not do this alone, he approached London-based traffic software company Vivacity Labs for the project. Vivacity Labs uses machine learning and AI to manage traffic levels using their own sensors and cameras.

FlowX aims at developing a low-cost solution by integrating the Vivacity software with the existing CCTV cameras. However, issues related to anonymous data, privacy and personal data are concerns for the authorities and the public.

But if the project proposed by FlowX is ready with the green signal from the authorities, smart cities will have a new way to manage traffic efficiently.

Image-processing Solution From Traffic Vision

TrafficVision is a startup in the US providing Intelligent Transportation Systems to smart cities.  The software developed by the company can turn any traffic monitoring camera into an intelligent sensor. Capturing the data and processing it from the existing camera infrastructure, TrafficVision can help traffic managers to respond to traffic incidents immediately – whether it is happening on highways, tunnels or bridges.

Kansas City has more than 300 CCTV cameras installed on highways that are monitored just by three operators. This being a difficult task to manage, the city deployed the solution from TrafficVision. Now, the city has the TrafficVision software deployed that identifies incidents in real-time such as accidents, wrong-way drivers, debris on the road and transmits video clips directly to the cloud. The deployed solution detects incident 14 minutes faster than manually monitored by operators. This helps the traffic management to respond to critical situations more effectively, re-route the traffic if necessary and make roads safer for the public.

Cloud-based Solution From City Brain

Alibaba, China’s biggest e-commerce retail company has branched into providing an AI system called City Brain to automate traffic management. The system has been created by using cloud computing and crunching enormous amount of data.

More than 18 months ago, City Brain was brought to Hangzhou to address the traffic challenges. The system predicts the traffic flows 10 minutes earlier by tapping into the hundreds of cameras installed across the city. The average car speed in the city has increased by 11%. Accidents and breakdowns are cleared more quickly and traffic flow has enhanced considerably. Thanks to the system that eases up the traffic by adjusting the traffic lights and sending text messages to drivers suggesting them to work out a different route.

The system that has now been successful in improving the traffic system for nine million residents is now being brought by Macau and Malaysia.

Other Solutions

1. Making Traffic Signals Adapt To Real-Time Situations

How Traffic Signals Can Be Made To Work Effectively? In the past, traffic signals were just meant to flash the green, yellow and red lights. But today’s technology can make them play diverse roles and work smartly. For example, the city of Columbus in Ohio is using data captured from the government fleet vehicles to optimise the traffic signal timing. All the more, traffic signals can be equipped with analytical systems that can get the better idea of traffic flow, learn the average time a vehicle has to wait at the signal and modify the timing to optimise the traffic flow throughout the day.

2. V2I Technology For Safety Alerts

Cities can use the vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) technology to manage traffic emergencies effectively. Communication systems installed at different intersections and along the highways can communicate with vehicles and send them safety-related accident and weather alerts. A significant amount can be invested in V2I technology development as cities will be then less likely to spend on accident clean-up, highway closures, gridlocks etc. Take for example the smart corridor recently opened in Atlanta. The city anticipates reducing the travel time by 25% by using adaptive traffic signal technology, connected video cameras and more.

3. Using Drones Instead Of Vehicles

Some tasks managed by the city municipal vehicles can be done by drones. For example, drones can replace vehicles that go for checking water meters, utility lines etc. in the city. As drone technology is gaining momentum, more and more utilities and public energy authorities are using drones for fieldwork. In fact, Los Angeles is even planning to use drone technology in firefighting. Even companies like Amazon are planning to use drones for short-distance deliveries in the cities. These changes can significantly improve traffic management in smart cities.

Well, using IoT, AI, machine learning, drones and analytics in managing traffic problems can really bring a big difference. But as cities begin to use them and more and more data is captured, stored, analysed and transmitted, it depends on smart cities how they manage these intelligent tools more intelligently.

Refrence: www.smartcity.press